Share Premium Account and Its Uses

When a company goes for an IPO, it collects money that is higher than face value of the company. For accounting purposes, this additional money (or capital) is transferred to a separate account known as share premium account. This share premium account has to be considered as part of the total capital i.e. it has to be captured in company’s balance sheet. There are many different ways this premium account can be used. I will list few of them in very common layman language.

  1. Company pays bonus shares and/or options to many employees or services provided to the company. These bonus shares and options are paid from premium share account;
  2. Use it to balance out or writing off company’s expenses in issuing IPO;
  3. Use it to balance out or writing off commission paid for marketing expenses of IPOs;
  4. Use it to balance out or writing off discounts allowed to any issue of shares or debentures of the company;
  5. Use the money for share buy back;
  6. Use the money to fund growth and expansion for the company;
  7. It cannot be used for dividends.

In general, what I have seen is companies use share premium account for little bit of everything from the list above. Having said that, typically, the future expansion or growth plans gets the lowest percentage allocation. I cannot back it with any statistical data, but most of the time it is used for first five options listed above.

In some cases, many companies become little innovative in financial engineering, to use it for balance it against the loss. They bring the money out of share premium account and that way they either show reduced losses or no losses. In such cases, companies have to take approval from courts (is it difficult to create paper work to make a case for it? you be the judge!). Examples for such

So next time when there is an IPO, think where your premiums are going? It is going to fund those bonus shares, those investment banking firm discounts, services which does not affect companies bottom line, and fat paychecks. It do not have issues with companies following this route, but unfortunately, there is no limit to their greed.










Facebook User Comments:


13 Responses to “Share Premium Account and Its Uses”

  1. Bairava says:

    Sir, I have 2 doubts.

    1. Why companies do not utilize share premium for expansion and growth?

    2. I am learning to read balance sheet, I have seen companies going for secured/unsecured loans even if they have reserves and surplus. Why is this so?

  2. ahmed ali says:

    i think company could only use share premium a/c to finance premium on redemption but not redemption of the share capital.my concern is what wil hapen if companies uses everything and left with nothing in their share premium a/c.

  3. dharmendra says:

    Nice ans

  4. make money says:

    I have read so many articles or reviews about the blogger lovers however
    this paragraph is really a nice paragraph, keep it up.

  5. It has the as if you study my head! You seem to comprehend a whole lot in regards to this, such as you published the e-book inside it or something. I believe that you may may apply a number of % to push the material house a bit, nonetheless besides these very, this is excellent website. A very good study. I’m going to certainly return.

  6. Link exchange is nothing else except it is just placing the
    other person’s weblog link on your page at suitable place and
    other person will also do similar in favor of you.

  7. Garfield says:

    I see a lot of interesting posts on your page. You have
    to spend a lot of time writing, i know how to save you a lot of work, there is a tool that creates unique,
    google friendly articles in couple of seconds, just search in google
    - laranita’s free content source

  8. I like the valuable information you provide in your articles.
    I’ll bookmark your blog and check again here frequently.
    I’m quite sure I will learn many new stuff right here!
    Best of luck for the next!

  9. I’ve been exploring for a litgtle bit for any high-quality articles or weblog
    posts on thjs kind of area . Explorimg inn Yahoo I everntually stumbled upon this web
    site. Readihg this information So i am happy to show that
    I have a very excellentt uncanny feeling I discovered just what I needed.
    I such a lot certfainly will make sure to do not forget this website and provides it
    a look regularly.

  10. kit solar says:

    Thank you, I have recently been looking for info about this subject for ages and yours is the greatest I
    have came upon so far. However, what concerning the bottom line?
    Are you positive concerning the supply?

  11. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that I’ve really enjoyed browsing your blog posts.
    After all I’ll be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope
    you write again very soon!

  12. Elisa says:

    I read a lot of interesting articles here.

    Probably you spend a lot of time writing, i know how
    to save you a lot of work, there is an online tool that creates readable, google friendly articles
    in minutes, just type in google – laranitas free content source

Trackbacks/Pingbacks

  1. Economy and Your Finances Carnival 27th September

Leave a Reply




~